Researchers Present Findings on Adherence Risk Factors, Outcomes of Early Disease Control in IBD

When treating any disease, adherence is key. Specifically, however, in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), adhering to biologic therapy is critical in the management of these diseases, as previous research has demonstrated that a medication possession ratio (MPR) of less than 0.86 significantly increases the risk of disease flare.
 
Samantha DiGrande
November 12, 2018
When treating any disease, adherence is key. Specifically, however, in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), adhering to biologic therapy is critical in the management of these diseases, as previous research has demonstrated that a medication possession ratio (MPR) of less than 0.86 significantly increases the risk of disease flare.

To further explore the risk factors in non-adherence, researchers presenting their findings at the American College of Gastroenterology’s annual meeting conducted a retrospective studyto evaluate patients treated at a tertiary care IBD center prescribed a biologic therapy (either adalimumab, certolizumab, golimumab, or ustekinumab). To be included in the study patients had to have filled 3 prescription claims with the center’s specialty pharmacy. 

MPR was calculated as the days’ supply for all prescription claims divided by the total number of days that had elapsed during the study period. Non-adherence to medication was defined as MPR less than 0.86.

In total, the researchers enrolled 560 patients (393 patients with Crohn disease [CD] and 67 with ulcerative colitis [UC]) in the retrospective analysis. The overall mean MPR was 0.89. Researchers found that 71% of patients with CD and 87% of patients with UC were adherent. However, the study was able to identify several risk factors that increase the risk of non-adherence in a univariate analysis including a diagnosis of CD, insurance type, psychiatric history, smoking, prior biologic use, and narcotic use. 

In patients with CD, as the number of risk factors present increased, the probability of non-adherence significantly increased. The study authors identified that adherence was 77% and 73% in patients with 0-1 risk factors, decreasing to 65%, 61%, and 37% in patients with 2, 3, or 4 risk factors, respectively (<.05).

Another studypresented at the meeting sought to identify treatment outcomes of patients with IBD with early disease control. In order to evaluate biologic treatment outcomes in early CD and UC, researchers conducted a systematic literature review.

In total, 19 studies in CD (6 clinical and 13 observational), 3 in UC and 1 in both CD and UC (all observational) were included in the review. Studies evaluated the effectiveness of infliximab (CD: 15 papers, UC: 4 papers), adalimumab (CD: 9 papers, UC: 3 papers) and certolizumab pegol (CD: 4 papers) as mono- or combination biologic therapy with conventional therapy.

The study authors reported that risk factors for disease progression were noted at baseline only in select studies. Outcomes were assessed at >54 weeks in 10 (50%) of CD studies and 3 (75%) UC studies.

The researchers recommended that there needs to be a more thorough consideration of patients’ baseline risk of disease progression and assessment of long-term outcomes in order to more effectively evaluate early biologic use in achieving disease control. 

For future studies, the authors also noted that the measures of these outcomes should also be consistent to support comparisons among the interventions.

References
1. Haydek J, Shah N, Slaughter J, et al. risk factors for medication non-adherence to biologic therapy in patients with inflammatory bowel disease: a retrospective analysis. Presented at the 83rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology, October 5-10, 2018; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Abstract 570. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41395-018-0296-0.pdf. 

2. Jairath V, Wright D, Calleja A, et al. Assessment of biologic treatment outcomes in inflammatory bowel disease patients with ‘early disease’: results of a systematic literature review.Presented at the 83rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology, October 5-10, 2018; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Abstract 584. https://www.nature.com/articles/s41395-018-0296-0.pdf. 

 

x-button

Health economics experts. Managed care professionals. Key clinical specialists. This is where the worlds of clinical, regulatory, and economical outcomes for specialized pharmaceutical biotechnology meet: The Center for Biosimilars is your online resource for emerging technologies, with a focus on improving critical thinking in the field to impact patient outcomes. We’ll discuss the current landscape for advanced health care management—reviewing emerging treatment paradigms, approaches, and considerations—all by authoritative industry voices.

Intellisphere, LLC
2 Clarke Drive
Suite 100
Cranbury, NJ 08512
P: 609-716-7777
F: 609-716-4747
Copyright © 2006-2018 Intellisphere, LLC. All Rights Reserved.